british space junk mission to test nets, sails and harpoons to catch dangerous orbital debris - laser measurement machine

by:UMeasure     2019-10-04
british space junk mission to test nets, sails and harpoons to catch dangerous orbital debris  -  laser measurement machine
The sky above is becoming more and more crowded, with satellites shuttling through the Earth's upper atmosphere, signaling everything from pictures on TV to maps on mobile phones.
While this constant exchange makes the world work, all Orbital Technologies pose problems in the form of empty space garbage-debris from rocket launches and abandoned satellites hanging in space.
Hitting the Earth at a speed of thousands of miles per hour means that even the smallest pieces of metal or paint spots can cause significant damage if they hit the path of the satellite.
But scientists at the University of Surrey are preparing to test technologies that could target potentially dangerous space waste and remove it from orbit before it causes any damage.
Scroll down to play the video its mission to clear debris claims to be the first mission to actively target dangerous space garbage that could hinder the garbage and remove it from orbit.
The first experiment will use a network to capture the target in the form of a small cube satellite launched from the main satellite. An airbag-
A device like this will be inflated by a cube, which will help it get out of track faster.
Once the target is tracked and within its line of sight, removing the debris will launch a net to capture it and drag it back to earth with a tether.
The second experiment was to intercept the debris with a harpoon.
This practice of spear
In order to catch space garbage, it is also necessary to accurately locate and track the debris.
The last method is to use a tow sail, where future satellites can install an inflatable boom to sail.
The sail will effectively act as a space parachute, increase resistance and cause the satellite to break out of orbit and burn down in the Earth's atmosphere.
All methods require advanced vision.
"Navigation-based" needs to improve laser measurement technology, known as LiDAR, to actively track the position and orientation of the satellite.
Dr Jason Forshaw, project manager at Surrey's debris removal team, said: "certain orbits-often used to imaging the Earth, disaster monitoring, and weather observations-will soon be filled with garbage, this could jeopardize the important satellites that surround it.
The huge impact between the garbage in this orbit in the future may lead to gravity in real life --
Like a chain reaction to a collision.
The international community now needs to start working together to remove space debris.
The space around the Earth is part of the Earth's environment, and it is a common responsibility to keep the Earth clean.
Our mission is to remove debris, one of the first collaborative efforts to create a future for space waste removal technology.
The Surrey Space Center team is planning to launch the mission in early 2017 and receive € 7 million (£5. 9 million)
Funding from the European Commission
In an animated video showing the experiment, the group said: "If we can't clean up our space environment, more collisions will continue, which may make the entire space part unusable. Or destroy the key services we use on a daily basis.
"Cleaning up space waste is essential to ensure that future generations enjoy the sustainability of space.
Satellite communications is a lucrative business, with private airlines such as SpaceX of Elon Musk putting satellites into orbit.
The national space agency also wants a slice of the cake from space technology, where India launched a record 20 satellites into orbit last month.
But all this means more traffic and potential collisions.
China Space Administration (CNSA)
It has recently been confirmed that the company has put a prototype into orbit for processing space debris. Called Aolong-
1. It is reported that the ship is equipped with a robot arm and will be CNSA to remove "non-
Cooperation objectives from the track
Experts believe that designing satellites that can be disposed of on their own is the key, so don't add to the problem.
But immediately, more targeted methods such as sending garbage
Collecting tools into space can help solve this problem.
It is estimated that there are 7,000 tons of debris in orbit around the Earth, the largest of which is a huge scrapped satellite owned by the European Space Agency called Envisat.
ESA lost contact with Envisat in 2012, but 8.
Five tons of space junk is still in orbit.
However, only those large objects of more than 10 cm are tracked, allowing millions of small objects to run on Earth at high speeds.
During the mission of the International Space Station, British astronaut Tim Pique photographed damage caused by a paint spot believed to be less than 1mm in diameter that collided with the International Space Station, cutting one of the windows down
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